India’s market is obsessed with fuel efficiency when it comes to automobiles. Whenever they are going to buy a car, they always ask “Kitna deti hai?” or how much does the car return to a litre of fuel. The prices of fuels are constantly increasing so it makes sense for people to consider fuel economy while driving a car. Here, are 5 simple tips that can help you extract more fuel economy from your vehicle. These tips will help you saving fuel which will help you in saving some money on your fuel bill.
Maintain optimum tyre pressure
Tyre pressure is often ignored by people. Optimum tyre pressure is very important to extract the best fuel efficiency from your car. If your tyres are underinflated or overinflated, it can cause an accident. If your tyre is under-inflated then the area of the contact patch of the tyre is increased. This means that the level of friction is also increased. Because of this, the engine would have to work harder and burn more fuel. You should decrease or increase the tyre pressure depending on the circumstances that you will be driving in. If you are travelling on a full load then you should increase the air pressure so that the tyres can handle the added weight.
Drive below the torque peak of your car’s engine
If you start up-shifting your gears just before the torque peak of your engine then you would be able to save fuel. This happens because the engine is at its maximum efficiency below the torque peak. The torque peak is the rpm at which the maximum torque from an engine is generated. This is the reason why some people say that you should up-shift before 2,000 rpm. Every engine behaves differently. For instance, the diesel engine’s peak torque comes in very early when compared to the peak torque of a petrol engine.
Shut off your engine on traffic lights
It is always a good idea to turn off your engine if your vehicle is not moving. You should turn off your engine when you are at a traffic light. Many people would think about how much fuel can a car save if you are turning the engine off for few minutes. Well, if you think about it, you can spend at least 10 minutes at a traffic light for your commute daily. So, you can easily save a couple of kilometres worth of fuel. Also, you would be saving the environment by not emitting harmful fumes.
Turn off air conditioning when not required
Turning off the air conditioning can save you fuel as the air conditioning runs off from the engine. You do not need to use the air conditioning when you are driving in the early morning or in the late evenings. In a car with a small capacity engine, turning off the air conditioning alone can save fuel by up to 5 percent to 10 percent.
Another technique that you can follow to save fuel is to start coasting. Coasting basically means that you press the clutch or put your car in neutral. If you can see that there is a red light in front of you then you can start coasting. This helps in saving fuel as the revs of the engine fall. Usually, people just slam their brakes to make their vehicle stop which leads to excessive brake pad and tyre wear.