Vehicles plying in India without PUC certificate could lose their RC from January 2021

The rules and regulations for transport are getting more and more strict. Just like the BS6 emission norms that got a lot stricter and led to discontinuation of many diesel engines, the rules for not having PUC or Pollution Under Control certificate have been made more strict. Many people do not take their vehicle’s documents seriously. They do not renew their pollution under control certificate and insurance on time. The government could just make avoiding these things difficult from January 2021.

According to Hindustan, a draft notification published on 27 November by the road transport ministry is asking for suggestions before the PUC system is moved to online systems. This process could take two months before becoming fully functional. So, it should be in effect from January 2021. It will become mandatory to renew the Pollution Under Control within a specified amount of time. The user of the vehicle will be given a time of seven days to renew the PUC certificate. If he or she fails to present a valid certificate, his or her Registration Certificate of the vehicle will be seized.

Through the new system, all the vehicle’s owner information will be uploaded to servers that are linked to a Motor Vehicle database. This will make it difficult for people to continue using their vehicles with a Pollution Under Control certificate. People then would have to share their mobile numbers to the executive at the PUC centre which then will send an OTP or one-time password to the phone number. Once, the OTP is found to be correct by the system, then only the system will allow generating a form. This is being done to reduce the chance of foul play.

Also, the users of the vehicles can be asked to get their vehicles checked for emitting extra fumes. This also applies to the owners of commercial vehicles. The users will be given seven days to get their vehicles rectified.

All of these measures are being taken to control the AQI or air quality index under control. Air Quality Index is an index to measure how air pollution might affect a person’s health in a short period of time. Delhi’s air quality index is already under poor category since Saturday. The 24-hour average AQI of Delhi was 231.

For reference, air quality index between zero and 50 is considered ‘good’, 51 and 100 is ‘satisfactory’, 101 and 200 means ‘moderate’, 201 and 300 imply ‘poor’, 301 and 400 is ‘very poor’, and 401 and 500 are ‘severe’. There are many reasons for this poor air quality index. Some of them being an increasing number of vehicles, smoke from firecrackers that were burst on Diwali, construction and demolition, agricultural activities etc.

The stringent new rules for vehicle emissions is meant to ensure compliance from all vehicle owners. While pollution due to vehicle emissions is not the singular cause of poor air quality, every owner must ensure that her/his vehicle meets emission norms.