Maruti Suzuki, the biggest car manufacturer of India has decided to phase out the diesel vehicles in the Indian market due to the upcoming BS6 emission compliance norms. The brand will immediately make-up for the absence of diesel models from the line-up with the CNG variants of the models and SHVS mild-hybrid systems that will be available with the petrol models. In the longer run, Maruti Suzuki is also expected to drive in new hybrid models that will offer a high fuel efficiency.
Since Maruti Suzuki has always been associated with high fuel efficiency, the absence of diesel vehicles, which offer superior fuel efficiency when compared to their petrol counterparts might be a problem. The brand showcased the Swift Hybrid, which is already on sale in the international markets at the 2020 Auto Expo. According to ET Auto, Maruti Suzuki expects an additional sale of around 2.5 lakhs to 3 lakhs units of vehicles powered by the 48 Volt smart hybrid systems. These vehicles will fill the void left by the diesel-powered vehicles from the brand. The brand also plans to launch stronger parallel hybrid cars that will be more efficient than the current breed of Smart Hybrid systems available with the Maruti Suzuki cars. Also, the brand is planning to launch new electric vehicles in the market.
Kenichi Ayukawa in an interview to ET Auto said that they have a range of technology available in the international markets that are developed by the parent company Suzuki Motor Corporation, Japan. Depending on the products, they will introduce these technologies to cars and make them more fuel-efficient. He also said that they will bring the parallel-hybrid systems to the Indian line-up in the coming months.
Maruti Suzuki showcased the parallel-hybrid 48V Hybrid vehicle at the 2020 Auto Expo. The hatchback returns a maximum fuel efficiency of stunning 32 km/l as per Japanese test cycle. The car comes powered by two sources. There are a 1.3-litre four-cylinder petrol engine and a 48V electric motor. The petrol engine develops a maximum of 92 PS and 118 Nm of peak torque. The electric motor produces an additional 13.6 PS and 30 Nm.
There is a dedicated battery system for the electric motor and it helps the car to achieve a higher fuel efficiency by providing power during acceleration or during coasting at high speeds. This ensures that the petrol engine does not gulp fuel during heavy tasks like acceleration. However, this system can be expensive to buy. Currently, Maruti Suzuki offers five vehicles with SHVS Mild Hybrid systems – Maruti Suzuki Vitara Brezza, Maruti Suzuki Ciaz, Maruti Suzuki Ertiga, Maruti Suzuki Ertiga and Maruti Suzuki Baleno. In the future, we may get to see the technology in the other models too.