The much-awaited new MV Act (amendments) has been by the Rajya Sabha of the Parliament on Wednesday. This comes only a few days after the bill was passed by the Lok Sabha of the Parliament. The amendment of the MV Act will come into force when the President of India, Ramnath Kovind will sign on it and make it a law. This bill brings in a steep increase in fines, which will is expected to bring down the number of illegal activities on the roads.
The Indian roads are one of the most dangerous in the world and there are a number of accidents that happen daily. Many of these accidents turn out to be fatal. The current MV Act mentions only a small amount of fine for doing illegal activities, which has been amended to bring in a steep increase in the overall fines. Some of the fines have been increased by 20 times.
Here are all the details of the new fines and the old fines according to the new MV Act.
|Section/ Offence||Old Penalty||New Penalty (Minimum)|
|General (177)||Rs 100||Rs 500|
|Rules of road regulation violation (new 177A)||Rs. 100||Rs 500|
|Travelling without a ticket (178)||Rs 200||Rs 500|
|Disobedience of orders of authorities (179)||Rs 500||Rs 2000|
|Unauthorized use of vehicles without a licence (180)||Rs 1000||Rs 5000|
|Driving without a licence (181)||Rs 500||Rs 5000|
|Driving without qualification (182)||Rs 500||Rs 10,000|
|Oversized vehicles (182B)||New||Rs 5000|
|Over speeding (183)||Rs 400||Rs 1000 for LMV, Rs 2000 for Medium Passenger Vehicle|
|Dangerous driving penalty (184)||Rs. 1,000||Up to Rs 5000|
|Drunken driving (185)||Rs 2000||Rs 10,000|
|Speeding/ Racing (189)||Rs 500||Rs 5,000|
|Vehicle without a permit (192A)||Up to Rs 5000||Up to Rs 10,000|
|Aggregators (violations of licencing conditions) (193)||New||Rs 25,000 to Rs 1,00,000|
|Overloading (194)||Rs 2,000, and Rs 1,000 per extra tonne||Rs 20,000, and Rs 2,000 per extra tonne|
|Overloading of Passengers (194A)||N.A.||Rs 1000 per extra passenger|
|Seat Belt (194 B)||Rs 100||Rs 1,000|
|Overloading of two-wheelers (194 C)||Rs 100||Rs 2,000, Disqualification of licence for 3 months|
|Not providing a way for emergency vehicles (194E)||New||Rs 10,000|
|Driving without insurance (196)||Rs 1,000||Rs 2,000|
|Offences by Juveniles (199)||New||Guardian/ Owner shall be deemed guilty. Rs 25,000 with 3 years imprisonment. Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled.|
|Power of officers to impound documents (206)||N.A.||Suspension of driving licence under sections 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E,|
|Offences committed by enforcing authorities (210B)||N.A.||Twice the penalty under the relevant section|
Now there are a lot of highlights in the new bill. The penalties for blocking an emergency vehicle and fines of offences by juveniles have been introduced too. This will ensure a proper all-around law, which can be utilised by the police officers to ensure that the roads remain a safe place. With the minimum amount of fine rising to a bigger number, this will discourage a lot of people who have a habit of not following the rules.
The new bill also makes procuring driving license much tougher than the current situation. Also, it should be noted that the new bill proposes twice the penalty for the offence committed by the enforcing officers. Currently, a lot of uniformed police officers can be seen roaming around without helmets and seatbelts. With the new law, such officers are expected to follow the rules. The new laws are expected to be enforced in India by the end of this year.