Diesel cars are no longer going to be that cheap to run. The government has proposed bringing in fuel price parity by steadily increasing the price of diesel all through 2013 at an average of Rs. 1 per month, with a total Rs. 10 price increase by the end of the year. How does this affect your buying decision? Is it still viable to buy a diesel car? 

We take a look at how this changes the economics of driving a diesel car if the price of the fuel increases up to Rs. 58 a litre from the present Rs. 48 a litre (New Delhi prices approx). Even though diesel fuel price will increase, it does not take away from the fact that a diesel car is at least 25% more fuel efficient than a petrol car, but it will increase the number of kilometres you have to drive or the number of months to reach breakeven – because diesel cars are also more expensive than equivalent petrol cars. Also read: Is diesel still the most attractive fuel?

Calculating breakeven on diesel

To illustrate this point, consider the following calculation based on the Maruti Swift ZXI (petrol) vs the Maruti Swift ZDI (diesel). The prices taken are ex-showroom for calculation purposes only, but on-road prices would be far higher and hence the number of months shown as breakeven will also be higher. Also if you buy your car on EMI, you begin to save more from day one, because the money saved on fuel cost can go toward paying part of your EMI – and if the savings is over Rs. 2,000, you can afford the additional Rs. 1 lakh (on a 5 year loan) for a diesel car. Also read: Diesel or petrol – which fuel is more environment friendly?

[table id=1016 /]

Now the price difference between a Maruti Swift petrol and Maruti Swift diesel is about Rs. 1.11 lakh ex-showroom for the top-end variants. Does it really make sense to pay that premium for a diesel car? The logic that you have to drive a greater distance to achieve breakeven faster still applies.

[table id=1017 /]

At present prices, if you drive a diesel Swift for at least 2000 km a month, which is on the higher side, you will recover the additional investment for the diesel car in as little as 2 years or 25 months’ time. However, if you drive only say 500 km a month a diesel car is just not viable, as you will need to keep the car for at least 8 years to even justify investing in a diesel car. Also read: Why diesel cars give more mileage than petrol cars?

Now let’s say in another six month’s time prices of diesel go up by Rs. 5 a litre to Rs. 53 per litre. The breakeven point of your car then gets pushed by a few months. At 2000 km a month, you will still achieve breakeven in 2 years and 4 months, which won’t pinch. But for lower running, it will begin to get unviable. At 1000 km a month it will take nearly 5 years to breakeven!

If diesel prices go up to Rs. 58 a litre by the end of the year, the economics begin to border on the ridiculous for those who don’t drive much. Such buyers are better off with a petrol car. If you drive under 500 km a month – it will take you 11 years and six months to justify that additional investment in your car! However, at over 2000 km a month, you still make up your investment in a diesel car in just under three years.

When is diesel not viable?

If fuel prices were to equalize, then the diesel car would take nearly 5 years to break even if you drove over 2000 km a month. So if fuel prices were to become equal, a majority of drivers would opt for petrol, despite the petrol car giving lower fuel economy as the additional investment in a diesel would take a long time to breakeven for drivers who drive fewer kilometres a month. At that point, expect the demand to shift back to petrol quite significantly. Also read: No new tax on diesel cars

By the end of this year too, the market would see diesel car demand drop slightly in favour of petrol – just do the math before you buy your next car!

5 COMMENTS

  1. There are a few things which seem to have been missed. Extended warranty is more expensive on a diesel car and is a one-time expense, leaving it out for the ease of calculation right now. Discounts are more on a petrol car while they are almost nonexistent for a diesel car. This gives a difference of at least 1.5L between the two (OTR). In a bank Fixed Deposit, this saving will return more than 10k annually even after tax deductions. Insurance is more expensive for a diesel car (1% more). Where a 6L petrol car incurs 24k (4%), a similar spec diesel worth 7L incurs 35k (5%), difference of 1L since insurance is on ex showroom and not OTR. That’s a recurring annual expense of 10k. Another recurring extra annual expense on the diesel is at least 5k which is the difference in the annual servicing costs of a petrol and diesel swift. Now the least annual increase (savings + costs incurred) by moving to a diesel is 25k. The savings per km are 2.25, 2 and 1.6 (rupees respectively) when diesel is 48, 53 and 58 (rupees respectively) from the above mentioned table 1 figures which are realistic. So annually 11,111kms (@2.25 per km of savings) need to be run (by both cars) just to keep expenses at par, let alone recovering the premium. In essence running a diesel for less than 925kms every month means spending more on the running costs of a diesel car, let alone recovering a single rupee paid in premium at the current fuel and servicing costs. Now the recovery starts after 925kms monthly, as mentioned before. 2000kms a month, 2 years for calculations sake, current savings are 58k in two years (1075kms x 24 months x 2.25 per km). Reduce 5k extra per service spent with 3 extra services till the end of two years (5 x 3 = 15k) since service interval is 10,000kms and we have accounted for 2 services while the car ran 48000 in 2 years. Add insurance difference (10k) of first year since it will be a part of the OTR price, the final savings are 53k. At the end of two years, the petrol diesel skew should remain the same to give a difference of 1L in resale value. This will equalize both the cars, but will diesel really hold subsidy for 2 years? And if not, then will a diesel car hold its resale two years from now? Suddenly, anything below 2000kms per month seems better with a petrol car, doesn’t it? If calculations are not clear at any stage feel free to ask. Regards.

  2. Hi Abhijeet, considering even current fuel prices I would not recommend a diesel Swift for a monthly run of 1000kms even if its for 7 years, after considering the total cost of ownership. Since 925kms monthly is the equalizing run to compensate the extra expenditure & savings gap, you actually save money on just 75kms a month, that is just over 150 rupees (168 rupees, 75kms x 2.25rs). Diesel surely will not hold this subsidy for 7 years, hence the minimal saving may soon enough go into the negative. Also 7 years down the line there is no guarantee that the Swift diesel will have a great resale price. Owners of 5 year old Honda City and Civic are the best examples. One of my friends started believing in what I say after he recently sold his well maintained Civic for around 5L incurring a huge loss from what he expected when he bought it.

  3. ^^ Thanks Amit for the detailed break up. Yes, when you take the other costs associated – insurance, service cost etc, it really doesn’t look all that rosy for diesel.

Comments are closed.